Wind energy investigation in the Republic of Macedonia

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Project title:
MONITORING PROGRAM OF MACEDONIAN WIND RESOURCES

Background:

In last 15-20 years the wind energy exploitations faced dramatic development world-wide. The target set by EU commission for 10% wind generation penetration in overall electricity production in European Union by the 2010 now it seems feasible, and this goal will be reached even earlier.
In Macedonia few dedicated professors from Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Information Technologies (FEIT) in Skopje started to push the idea that investigation of country wind resources is something that should be done as soon as possible. In fact the first step for wind farms development is to determine accurately the wind resources and potential wind energy production of a future wind farms in selected candidate sites. Unfortunately in Macedonia there is no accurate knowledge of country wind resources and it is a major barrier for any possible development of the utilization of wind power. The available wind speed information in Macedonia originates from the national network of meteorological stations, which - as in the rest of the world - used alone are not sufficient for accurate wind resource assessment.
This situation was inspiration to make strategic plan for investigation of wind resources and potential and possible development of wind farms in the near future. The plan is consisting of three main phases: preparation of wind atlas which is numerical modeling based on geophysical and meteorological inputs, conducting of measurement campaign on the most promising sites defined from the atlas and preparation of feasibility studies as basis for possible erection of wind farms.
The first phase was conducted by ESM (the former Electric Power Company of Macedonia) and Wind Atlas was prepared by AWS Truewind Company from U.S.A in May and June, 2005.
The second phase, is measurement campaign of wind parameters on selected sites. This phase is sponsored by Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.